Free The Cultivators of Indigenous Peoples

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AMAN Kotawaringin Barat, Central Kalimantan Province, in a Press Release (November 25, 2019) requested that the cultivators of indigenous peoples be freed from punishment as the cause of Forest and Land Fires (Kahutla).

“They are not criminals, but are treated like environmental criminals. They should be protected because that is also an order of the law, not the other way to be criminalized. While land clearing instructions without burning never provide concrete solutions for cultivators in the field, “stressed Mardani, Chairperson of AMAN Kotawaringin Barat.

Pusaka documented that there were seven residents from several places in Kotawaringin Barat District, Central Kalimantan Province, who were criminalized for cases of forest and land fires while making and clearing fields for rice and other crops. Two of them, Gusti Maulidin (63) and Sarwani (50), residents of Rungun Village, Kotawaringin Lama District, Kotawaringin Barat District, are undergoing trials at the Pangkalan Bun District Court.

Gusti Maulidin is an indigenous community, who for generations inherited a culture of opening land for farming by burning. For them, burning does not aim to damage the environment. In this case, Gusti Maulidin did not burn new natural forests, but forested areas which had previously been repeatedly used as farms. The land was also planted with rubber (para), coffee and rattan.

The prosecutor charged with a layered article to Gusti Maulidin and Sarwani, namely Article 108 Jo 69 Paragraph 1 Letter H of Law Number 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management; Article 78 Paragraph (3) Jo Article 50 Paragraph (3) Letter D, Law No. 41 of 1999 concerning Forestry Jo Article 18 of 2013 concerning Prevention and Eradication of Forest Destruction; Article 187 1st Criminal Code. Fourth, Article 188 of the Criminal Code.

Indictment of cultivators of indigenous peoples who are considered violating this law is not appropriate. Indigenous cultivators are not the cause of the smoke disaster due to forest and land fires so far. They burn their function land to fertilize the fields. They are not anti-other ways of clearing land, as long as they can. But, they have not found a solution to date. From these fields they produce organic rice, vegetable crops and other food sources.

Mardani questioned “Why law enforcement kahutla is more aggressive in small farmers, compared to corporations, some of which are known to be the source of forest and land fires”.

The authorities should be wiser in law.

Ank, Nov 2019

 

No. Nama Terdakwa Alamat dan Tempat Kejadian Kejadian Ancaman Pasal
1. Arliah Binti Durasid Desa Teluk Pulai, Kec. Kumai, Kab. Kotawaringin Barat; September 2019; membersihkan lahan; Pasal 108 jo 69 ayat (1) huruf h UU No. 32 Tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup; Pasal 188 KUHP;
2. Bambang Iriwanto Bin Nasrudin Jalan Tjilik Riwut Km. 12, No. 125, Desa Pudu, Kec. Sukamara, Kab. Sukamara; Agustus 2019; pembersihan lahan; Pasal 108 jo 69 ayat (1) huruf h UU No. 32 Tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup; Pasal 55 ayat (1) Ke-1 KUHP; Pasal 187 ke -1 KUHP;
3. Hadri Bin Usman Jalan Pasar Putih Gg. Keluarga RT. 12, Desa Sungai Kapitan, Kec. Dumai, Kab. Kotawaringin Barat; September 2019; membersihkan lahan; Pasal 78 ayat (3) jo Pasal 50 ayat (3) huruf d UU No. 41 Tahun 1999 tentang Kehutanan, jo UU No. 18 Tahun 2013 tentang Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Perusakan Hutan; Pasal 187 ke -1 KUHP;
4. Sandi Dari Jalan Patih Singatata, Desa Sukaraja, Kec. Sukamara, Kab. Sukamara; September 2019; membersihkan lahan untuk padi lading; Pasal 108 jo 69 ayat (1) huruf h UU No. 32 Tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup; Pasal 187 ke -1 KUHP;
5. M. Asngadi Bin Rifai Jalan Sudirman RT 01/RW01, Kelurahan Kumpai Batu Bawah, Kecamtan Arut Selatan, Kab. Kotawaringin Barat; September 2019; membersihkan lahan untuk tanaman sayuran; Pasal 78 ayat (3) jo Pasal 50 ayat (3) huruf d UU No. 41 Tahun 1999 tentang Kehutanan, jo UU No. 18 Tahun 2013 tentang Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Perusakan Hutan; Pasal 187 ke -1 KUHP; Pasal 188 KUHP;
6. Salamin bin Mawe Karang Anyar, Kelurahan, Mendawai, Kecamatan Arsel, kabu. Kotawaringin Barat; Agustus 2019; pembersihan lahan untuk tanaman kebun kelapa sawit; Pasal 108 jo 69 ayat (1) huruf h UU No. 32 Tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup; Pasal 187 ke -1 KUHP dan Pasal 188 KUH Pidana;
7. Jamli alias Ijam bin Kuri (alm) Jalan Trans Kolam Pangkalan Bun, Kel. Kotawaringin Hulu, Kec. Kotawaringin Lama, Kab. Kotawaringin Barat; September 2019; membersihkan ladang nanas; Pasal 108 jo 69 ayat (1) huruf h UU No. 32 Tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup; Pasal 78 ayat 3 jo Pasal 50 ayat (3) huruf D, UU No. 41 Tahun 1999 tentang Kehutanan, jo UUNo. 18 Tahun 2013 tentang Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Perusakan Hutan; Pasal 187 ayat ke -1 KUHP dan Pasal 188 KUH Pidana;
8. Sarwani alias bin Astar. Sungai Lamandau, Desa Rungun, Kec. Kotawaringin Lama, Kab. Kotawaringin Barat; September 2019; membersihkan lahan ladang padi; Pasal 108 jo 69 ayat (1) huruf h UU No. 32 Tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup; Pasal 78 ayat 3 jo Pasal 50 ayat (3) huruf D, UU No. 41 Tahun 1999 tentang Kehutanan, jo UUNo. 18 Tahun 2013 tentang Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Perusakan Hutan; Pasal 187 ayat ke -1 KUHP dan Pasal 188 KUH Pidana;
9. Gusti Maulidin alias Lidin bin Gusti Khormansyah (alm) Sungai Lamandau, Desa Rungun, Kec. Kotawaringin Lama, Kab. Kotawaringin Barat; September 2019; membersihkan lahan untuk ladang padi; Pasal 108 jo 69 ayat (1) huruf h UU No. 32 Tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup; Pasal 78 ayat 3 jo Pasal 50 ayat (3) huruf D, UU No. 41 Tahun 1999 tentang Kehutanan, jo UUNo. 18 Tahun 2013 tentang Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Perusakan Hutan; Pasal 187 ayat ke -1 KUHP dan Pasal 188 KUH Pidana;

 

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