Pressemitteilung der Koalition zur Rettung des Grime-Nawa-Tals bei Jayapura, Provinz Papua, Indonesien
Pressemitteilung der Koalition zur Rettung des Grime-Nawa-Tals bei Jayapura, Provinz Papua, Indonesien
“Der Regent des Bezirks Jayapura hat sein Versprechen gebrochen, die Genehmigung für die Firma Permata Nusa Mandiri zu widerrufen, die gegen Gesetze verstößt.
Das Unternehmen PT Permata Nusa Mandiri (PNM) betreibt weiterhin Ölpalmenplantagen im Grime-Nawa-Tal in den Distrikten Nimbokran und Unurumguay, Regierungsbezirk Jayapura , Provinz Papua. Die Bezirksregierung von Jayapura hat das Unternehmen aufgefordert, die Rodungsarbeiten vorläufig einzustellen (Februar 2022), ein Warnschreiben verschickt und verlangt, dass die Plantage nicht weiter betrieben wird (September 2022 und November 2022).
Wir, die Koalition zur Rettung des Grime-Nawa-Tals, haben zahlreiche Gespräche mit der Regierung des Bezirks Jayapura geführt. An dem heutigen Dialog, Freitag, 9. Dezember 2022, nahmen die Assistentin I, Elphyna Situmorang, die Assistentin II, Delila Giay, und der Leiter der Rechtsabteilung, Timothy Taime, teil.
Wir fordern die Regierung auf, ihr Versprechen einzulösen und PT PNM die Genehmigungen zu entziehen. Bisher hat die Regierung des Bezirks Jayapura weder die Geschäftsgenehmigung noch die Standortgenehmigung, die Umweltgenehmigung, die Betriebsgenehmigung und die Lizenz für die Plantage widerrufen, obwohl das Unternehmen offensichtlich nicht in der Lage ist, die Bestimmungen zu erfüllen, und die Abmahnung und die Aufforderung zur Einstellung der Tätigkeiten nicht beachtet hat.
Wir müssen feststellen, dass die Regierung des Bezirks Jayapura die Rechte der Indigenen und die Umwelt nicht respektiert und schützt. „Der Regent hat sein Versprechen nicht gehalten, die Genehmigungen von PT Permata Nusa Mandiri zu widerrufen, obwohl die Firma Gesetze bricht, die Rechte der Indigenen verletzt und ihnen Schaden zufügt und die Wälder weiter abholzt. Die Regierung scheint die bestehenden Probleme absichtlich zuzulassen. Das Unternehmen handelt arrogant und willkürlich, die Indigenen aber sind beunruhigt, weil es keine Rechtssicherheit gibt und Misstrauen gegenüber der Regierung entsteht”, sagte Yustus Yekusamun, ein Vertreter der Indigenen und Sprecher der Koalition Grime-Nawa-Tal.
Die Indigenen-Aktivistin Rosita Tecuari wies auf die Verpflichtungen des Regenten von Jayapura und des Ministeriums für Umwelt und Forstwirtschaft hin, die Rechte indigener Völker und ihre Landrechte zu achten und zu schützen. Entsprechende Schutzprogramme aber böten den Indigenen im Grima-Nawa-Tal keine echte Absicherung. „Indigene Dörfer werden zwar anerkannt, doch haben die Indigenen nicht die Autorität und Macht über ihr Land und ihren Wald, denn diese werden von Unternehmen kontrolliert und verwaltet.“
„Wie aber sollen die Indigenen ohne jegliche Macht und Autorität ihre Rechte auf ihr Land und ihren Wald umsetzen”, fragte Rosita Tecuari. Wir, die Koalition zur Rettung des Grime-Nawa-Tals, vermuten, dass die Politik die Genehmigungen nicht entzogen hat, weil politische und wirtschaftliche Interessen und die Macht bestimmter Gruppen dahinterstecken. Damit verbunden ist die Gefahr von Gesetzesbruch und Korruption. Daher fordert die Koalition die KPK (Kommission zur Bekämpfung der Korruption) und das PPATK (Zentrum für Berichte und Analysen von Finanztransaktionen) auf, Beamte und Akteure mit geschäftlichen Interessen sowie den Fluss von Finanztransaktionen zu überwachen.
Jayapura, 09. Dezember 2022
Yustus Yekusamun : +62 822-3441-5750
Rosita Tecuari : +62 823-1150-8559
Franky Samperante: +62 813 1728 6019
Asep Komarudin: +62 813-1072-8770
Press Release: Communities Urge FSC to Ensure Implementation of Full Remedies for Their Damaged Territories
Press Release: Companies in Papua Sue the Minister of Investment for Revocation of Forest Areas Release Permits
Jakarta, 22 June 2022 — Indigenous people from the Grime Nawa Valley, Jayapura, Papua Province, have long been haunted by the presence of the oil palm plantation company PT Permata Nusa Mandiri, coming to their village. The company, has cleared hundreds of hectares of forest without the approval of the wider community.
In early 2022, the Minister of Environment and Forestry issued Decree No. 01/2022 which revoked the concession permits of dozens of oil palm plantation companies in Papua, including PT Permata Nusa Mandiri (PNM). The decision seemengly give new hope for indigenous peoples in Papua.
The Minister of Environment and Forestry Decree was then followed by the establishment of the Land Use Management and Investment Management Task Force by President Joko Widodo. The formation of this team is stated in Presidential Decree (Keppres) No. 1 of 2022 led by the Minister of Investment / Head of the Investment Coordinating Board, Bahlil Lahadalia, assisted by the Deputy Chief Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources, Minister of LHK and Minister of ATR / Head of BPN. The Task Force reports directly to the President.
The task force’s tasks are to follow up on the revocation of mining business permits, borrow-to-use forest area permits, land use rights, and building use rights, which are based on the permit verification and clarification process from the company.
The results of the task force’s work continued with the revocation of forest area concession permits to 15 companies by the Head of BKPM on March 29, 2022. Three of the companies whose licenses were revoked were companies that had permits to release forest areas in Papua, namely PT Permata Nusa Mandiri (PNM) in Jayapura Regency covering an area of 16,182.48 hectares, PT Menara Wasior (MW) in Teluk Wondama Regency covering an area of 28,838.82 hectares, and PT Tunas Agung Sejahtera (TAS) in Mimika Regency covering an area of 39,500.42 hectares, with a total area of 84,521.72 hectares. The government is very serious in revoking company permits that are not in accordance with their designation and do not carry out their obligations, said Bahlil in a written statement (30/032022).
PT Tunas Agung Sejahtera and PT Permata Nusa Mandiri are the two companies that received permits for releasing forest areas under Minister Zulkifli Hasan. He gave the release towards the end of his tenure as Minister of Forestry, who had been investigated for alleged corruption cases. President Joko Widodo, re-appointed Zulkifli Hasan, who is also the chairman of the National Mandate Party, as Minister of Trade on 15 June 2022.
The three companies PT PNM, PT TAS, and PT MW, whose licenses were revoked, are subsidiaries of the Indo Gunta Group, whose shares and businesses are suspected to be owned and controlled by Anthoni Salim, Director of Indofood Sukses Makmur TBK, and the majority shareholder of Salim/Indofood Group. a tycoon who controls the land and palm oil business in Indonesia. Indogunta and IndoAgri have the same logo design. This logo is a trademark of Indofood. Several Indogunta and Indofood subsidiaries under IndoAgri also share the same office.
The companies oppose and challenge the government’s decision to revoke the companies’ license. On June 14, 2022 three companies, PT PNM, PT TAS, and PT MW, challenged the decision of the Minister of Investment / Head of the Investment Coordinating Board to the Jakarta State Administrative Court (PTUN). The case was registered with case numbers 166/G/2022/PTUN.JKT, 167/G/2022/PTUN.JKT, and 168/G/2022/PTUN.JKT.
This legal situation is of concern to the indigenous peoples around the concession area of the plaintiff’s company and civil society organizations to defend the rights of indigenous peoples and the environment.
“The lawsuit will lengthen the path of the community’s struggle to reclaim their customary territory,” said Tigor Hutapea, a staff of the Bentala Rakyat Heritage Foundation. Tigor emphasized the importance of customary areas for indigenous peoples to be maintained as forests, which are useful as a source of food for indigenous peoples.
“The forest in Gime Nawa, and the surrounding area has a lot of potential. Even the community has managed it as a conservation area based on indigenous peoples,” said Sekar Banjaran Aji, Forest Campaigner for Greenpeace Indonesia. According to Sekar, if the presence of oil palm plantation companies is maintained, the biodiversity will be increasingly threatened and even extinct.
Therefore, to face this corporate backlash, the government must deal with it transparently, the government must disclose to the public all the considerations and results of the evaluation carried out by the Land Use Management Task Force. The public, especially indigenous peoples, will certainly support the government’s steps to maintain the revocation. In addition, to maintain the remaining forests, the government must accelerate the recognition of indigenous peoples and the determination of their customary territories.
– Tigor Hutapea Yayasan Pusaka Bentala Rakyat: +62 812-8729-6684
– Sekar Banjaran Aji, Greenpeace Indonesia: +62 812-8776-9880
NGO Statement: Ten Reason Why Certification Should Not Be Promoted in the EU Anti Deforestation Regulation
Jayapura, 8 March 2022 – “…We Indigenous women demand the government immediately review all decisions taken and permits given to [oil palm plantation company] PT PNM and any company located in the Grime and Nawa area, Mamta region, or in Tanah Papua, to revoke their licenses because companies that intrude on our traditional lands bring us no advantages, not even the slightest economic benefit…”
So wrote Rosita Tekcuari, the head of the Namblong Indigenous Women’s Organization and residents’ representative, in a statement opposing the presence of PT Permata Nusa Mandiri (PT PNM). The letter was supported and signed by 100 members of the Namblong Indigenous People from the Grime and Nawa valleys, Nimbokrang, Jayapura Regency, Papua Province, on March 7, 2022.
PT PNM is an oil palm plantation company with a concession in Nimbokrang, in the Indonesian province of Papua. The company has obtained a number of permits, including an environmental permit (February 2014), plantation business permit (March 2014), state forest release (August 2014), and land cultivation rights (HGU) for certain parts of their concession (August and November 2018).
“These permits were issued without the knowledge of the Indigenous landowners,” explained Septer Manufandu, Executive Secretary of JERAT Papua. Septer said that the permits were issued perfunctorily, with the community only coming to know of them when the company began carrying out activities in the field.
In early January 2022, President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo announced the revocation of a number of permits nationwide, including oil palm plantation permits. This announcement was followed by Minister of Environment and Forestry Decree No. 1/2022 which lists PT PNM as one of the companies whose state forest release permit was revoked.
For Indigenous people who have long harbored concern about the presence of PT PNM, the president’s announcement was cause for hope, especially since the Ministry of Environment and Forestry followed up by revoking the company’s state forest release. However, recent company activities in the field suggest their hope may be premature.
According to a Mongabay report, the company’s camp had been inactive for almost the past two years. A few days after President Jokowi’s announcement however, the company began land clearing activities. Greenpeace satellite monitoring from early January to 12 February 2022 showed that 70 hectares of forest was bulldozed in the PT PNM concession. This activity was strongly opposed by Indigenous People.
The planned plantation by PT PNM, that Greenpeace has previously linked to tycoon Anthoni Salim, has been steadfastly rejected by Rosita Tekcuari since information about the company’s permits came to light. In 2018, the Regent of Jayapura actually recognised Bukit Isyo Rhempang Muaif as the customary forest of the Yawadatum Indigenous People. This designation covers forest that is included within the PT PNM concession.
“The company’s presence will result in the loss of community livelihoods, shelter, and loss of animals that used to live alongside them such as the several endemic Bird of Paradise species,” said Franky Samperante, Director of Pusaka Bentala Rakyat. The lowland rainforest PT PNM plans to clear to produce palm oil is currently the living space for the Indigenous People of the Grime and Nawa valleys, including for Rosita.
Clearing and logging activities carried out by the company since the permit revocation in January 2022 would appear to be illegal under the Forestry Law. Furthermore, “after checking on the official website of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, there is no record of payments of forest resource provision (PSDH) and reforestation funds (DR) by PT PNM, from 2019 to March 7, 2022,” said Nico Wamafma, Greenpeace Indonesia Forest Campaigner. Payment of PSDH and DR is a legal requirement for all companies engaged in logging activities.
Representing the Coalition of Civil Society Organizations for Social Justice and Environmental Sustainability in Tanah Papua, Franky Samperante of Pusaka Bentala Rakyat Foundation asked the company to stop its activities and asked the government to revoke all the permits held by the company. “The company ignores the rights of Indigenous Peoples, and its plans threaten the forests and animals in the Grime and Nawa valleys,” said Franky. Revocations should be carried out by the provincial and regency governments, especially considering that a permit evaluation process has been underway since the Palm Oil Moratorium was instituted in 2018.
“Law enforcement must be taken the company for its forest clearing activities since January 2022,” added Nico.
Septer Manufandu: +62 811-4885-090
Nico Wamafma: +62 821-9758-5110
Franky Samperante: 0813 1728 6019
 See p. 131-132 in Greenpeace International 2021 report Licence to Clear.
- Photos and videos from the field and from the submission of Position Statement Letter to the Jayapura Regent, 07 March 2022
- Satellite image sequence of land clearing in the PT PNM concession
Coalition of Civil Society Organizations for Social Justice and Environmental Sustainability in Tanah Papua:
- Yayasan Pusaka Bentala Rakyat
- JERAT Papua
- WALHI Papua
- Greenpeace Indonesia
- HuMA Association
- Association for the Assessment and Empowerment of Indigenous Peoples (PPMA) Papua
- JPIC Foundation GKI Synod in Tanah Papua
- Panah Papua Association
- LBH Papua
- Papuan Voices
- Teraju Indonesia
- JURnal Celebes
- PADI Indonesia
- Yayasan Etnika Kosmologi Katulistiwa
- Kaoem Telapak
- MNUKWAR Papua
- Yapen Indigenous Peoples Customary Council
- Belantara Papua Association
- Independent Forestry Monitoring Network
NCP or National Contact Point is an organization established to promote, and handle the violations of, the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) Guidelines. The OECD Guidelines for multinational enterprises contain non-binding principles and standards with regard to responsible business conduct for multinational enterprises operating in or originating from OECD member countries, which are derived from applicable laws and internationally recognized standards, such as the respect for human rights and environmental protection.
In 2019, Korean Transnational Corporation Watch (KTNC Watch), Yayasan Pusaka Bentala Rakyat, Walhi Papua and SKP KAME, filed a complaint with NCP Korea in relation to the alleged violation of the OECD Guidelines which involved a palm oil company, PT Bio Inti Agrindo (BIO) in Merauke Regency, Papua Province, a subsidiary of Posco International from Korea, and the company’s funding financial institutions, namely the Korean National Pension Service (NPS) and the Export Import Bank of Korea (KEXIM). The following are information on the complaint: NGOs file OECD Complaint Against Posco International for Causing Palm Oil Abuses
The activities of the aforementioned palm oil company, PT BIO, has led to adverse impacts of environmental degradation, deforestation, prevented the residents from utilizing the river water due to contamination, and it also failed to implement the FPIC principle. The company should have conducted a due diligence process to identify and prevent the adverse impacts of human rights violations and environmental degradation, and it should be responsible for dealing with the impacts.
On the 18th of January, 2022, NCP Korea announced that the result of mediation from the complaint against the company, Posco International, in Indonesia is closed, without any meaningful recommendation and practical solution for remedies to the customary communities, victims of human rights violations and environmental rehabilitation.
KTNC Watch condemns NCP Korea’s decision to close the case and for its failure to restore the rights of the customary communities and compensation for their loss of the forest which was the source of their livelihoods. The implementation of OECD Guidelines should have been confirmed by the victims’ voices, not by the company’s report.
Shin Young Chung from KTNC Watch said that “NCP Korea should have performed its duties of formulating the remedies and restoring the communities’ and environmental rights, but instead, they promoted corporate and government policies”, said Shin Young Chung in the press release (21/01/2022). See Press Release: Press Release, KTNC Watch Condemns Korean NCP_OECD, Jan 2022
NCP Korea made no attempt to listen to the victims’ testimonies, there were no multilingual and interpretation supports in the mediation process, all information were provided in the Korean language, which could not be understood by the victims and the complainants from Indonesia.
What is urgent now is to bring out the voices of those affected by environmental and human rights violations by companies and to allow them to access remedies, restore their rights and the damaged environment.
Ank, Feb 2022
The Government Must Be Proactively Follow Up the Decision on Sanctions for Revocation of Company License
The Minister of Environment and Forestry has issued Decision Letter No. SK.01/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/1/2022 Dated 05 January 2022 regarding Revocation of Forest Area Concession License. Based on the Attachment to the said Decision Letter, which contains the list of revoked company licenses, including 26 oil palm plantation companies in Papua Province with a total area of 681,029 ha, and 22 companies in West Papua Province with a total area of 382,071 ha.
Based on Pusaka’s monitoring and information from community networks, there have been deforestation activities in the oil palm plantation area of PT Permata Nusa Mandiri (PNM) in the Nimbokrang District, Jayapura Regency, Papua Province, in Sunday 2nd week of January 2022. Whereas it is known that PT PNM’s forestry concession permit which was issued in 2014, was revoked by the official Ministry of Environment and Forestry in 2022.
In the Pusaka’s Press Release (28/01/2022), the policy on improvement of natural resource governance, evaluation and sanctions for revocation of company business licenses revocation, must be followed by concrete actions and law enforcement, for the purpose of restoration of the community rights and environmental, which engage civil society organizations and carried out in a transparent manner.
“The regional and national governments should be taking proactive measures to follow up the evaluation results and the decision on sanctions of company business licenses revocation, by prohibiting company activities, enforcing the law and imposing criminal sanctions, penalty payment and compensation for affected communities and restoration of the environmental, as stipulated in the laws and regulations”, said Tigor G Hutapea, Pusaka Advocacy Division Staff.
The Pusaka Bentala Rakyat Foundation demand the government should stop granting ease of licensing and issuing new licenses for public and private companies (domestic and foreign) which have been proven to have committed natural degradation activities and human rights violations.
Ank, Jan 2022